Curious to know more about magic mushrooms? These amazing fungi have been used throughout history in many cultures. They have some amazing properties and can still be a mystery to us. We have gathered some fun facts about magic mushrooms you might not know!
Fun Facts about Magic Mushrooms You Didn’t Know
The History of Magic Mushrooms
Fungi have flourished on Earth for quite an even as, probably other than 2 billion years. They have advanced a few fantastic tricks for the duration of that time, together with many which are either captivating or scary to humans — and now and again a piece of each.
Some historical fungi grew nearly 30 feet (nine meters) tall before timber existed, for example, and these days a honey fungus in Oregon can be the biggest organism on the planet, spanning a place of about four hundred acres (162 hectares). Individual styles of fungi can glow inside the dark, and some turn bugs into zombies. Some mushroom species may be lethal to humans, while others offer us valuable antioxidants.
And then there are magic mushrooms, also referred to as shrooms in Canada. These fungi are known for their psychedelic effects on folks who ingest them, a historical exercise dating back to prehistoric groups and shamans who may also have inspired Santa Claus. However, even after centuries of experience, we are most active now demystifying most of the magical — and medicinal — powers those mushrooms possess.
This article is not always intended to recommend the casual use of magic mushrooms, which can be widely unlawful and probably dangerous. Even while they provide the fitness advantages described below, they may be usually utilized in a managed scientific setting, frequently with counselling or another steering from scientific professionals. That said, however, they may also be herbal wonders of our planet that we would be silly to ignore.
Interesting Facts About Shrooms
- The grow naturally all the time
- There are many different strains across the world
- Each strain has slightly different effects
- They are used for spiritual as well as recreational purposes
- They have many healing qualities (mental health, stress, creativity)
- Shrooms can be made into magic chocolates & more
The Most Common Magic Mushroom Strains
So, for a closer examine these mystical members of Mother Nature’s medicinal drug cabinet, right here are some interesting statistics you may no longer understand approximately magic mushrooms:
There are two basic types, but approximately two hundred extraordinary species.
Psilocybe cubensis is the maximum broadly cultivated species of psychedelic mushrooms.
Magic Mushroom Characteristics
Psychedelic fungi fall into two categories; each characterized through a beautiful mix of mind-altering elements that make their mushrooms “magic.”
The largest, the maximum typical organization produces hallucinogens referred to as psilocybin and psilocin and functions more significant than a hundred and eighty species from each continent except Antarctica. These numerous fungi hail from the kind of a dozen genera, but are frequently lumped together as “psilocybin mushrooms.” Most belong to the genus Psilocybe, which includes well-known species like P. Cubensis (“gold top”) and P. Semilanceata (“liberty cap”).
Psilocybe Cubensis and Psilocybe Semilanceata
Psilocybin fungi are probably so numerous, in step with an examination in Evolution Letters, due to the fact they did not inherit the genes in the back of psilocybin from a commonplace ancestor but passed them immediately amongst alien species in a phenomenon referred to as “horizontal gene transfer.” Psilocybin could have initially advanced as a protection mechanism, the take a look at’s authors suggest, deterring fungi-consuming pests by “changing the bugs’ ‘mind.'”
The different organization is smaller but has a rich history of religious use. It includes one iconic species — Amanita muscaria (“fly agaric”) — plus some much less well-known relatives like A. Pantherina (“panther cap”). Instead of psilocybin or psilocin, its essential hallucinogens are chemicals referred to as muscimol and ibotenic acid.
Magic mushrooms may have let us discovered the story of Santa Claus.
Amanita muscaria mushroom Christmas ornament
Amanita muscaria mushrooms may also have inspired several factors of the Santa story.
Historical Use of Magic Mushrooms
The story of Santa Claus is quite bizarre when you reflect on considering it, from magic elves and flying reindeer to Santa’s chimney using his iconic red-and-white suit. According to at least one theory, many of those quirks come from muscimol mushrooms — or, extra precisely, from Siberian shamans who allotted them centuries ago.
A. Muscaria has lengthy been valued in Siberia, in which human intake dates returned to at the least the 1600s. While a number of that changed into likely recreational, Siberian shamans ingested the fungi to commune with the spirit world. The shamans also gave out shrooms as presents in overdue December, he noted, regularly entering houses through the roof because of deep snow.
Shamans had a tradition of dressing up like A. Muscaria, wearing red fits with white spots. Their vision quests may be shared with spirit animals like reindeer, which stay in Siberia and are acknowledged to consume hallucinogenic fungi. Moreover, there are different links, too, like Santa’s Arctic home or his placement of presents under trees. However, the Santa story is a mix of many influences over centuries, and mushrooms are most active, a speculative — albeit intriguing — supply of Santa’s magic.
Humans and magic mushrooms go back millennia.
Maya mushroom stones of Guatemala
No one knows precisely while humanity determined magic mushrooms. However, there may be evidence to signify they were used in spiritual rituals hundreds of years ago. Psilocybin mushrooms had been essential to a few Mesoamerican cultures at the time of Spanish conquest, for example, a lifestyle that was probably already historical by using then.
Mesoamerican cultures appear to have existed in the magic mushroom world. This is due to artwork like the “excellent mushroom stones of the historic Mayas and mural frescoes located invaluable Mexico, which date more than 2,000 years again. The hallucinogenic fungus Psilocybe Mexicana, which is native to Central America, became previously known with the aid of the Aztec word teonanacatl — often translated as “divine mushroom.”
Psilocybe Mexicana mushroom, magic mushroom
Psilocybe Mexicana, native to Mexico and Guatemala, is one of more significant than a hundred and eighty species of psilocybin fungus.
In the Sahara desert, rock art from 7,000 to 9,000 years ago may additionally feature even in advance portrayals of psychedelic fungi. The scenes include human dancers retaining mushroom-like objects, in a few cases, with two parallel traces connecting the items to the dancers’ heads. This is not always definitive evidence. However, some researchers see it because of the earliest tips of human beings using thoughts-changing mushrooms.
There is additionally a fringe theory, the “stoned ape hypothesis,” that indicates magic mushrooms sparked the increase in brain size and lifestyle of early humans. Many professionals brush aside this idea as simplistic and speculative, noting its lack of evidence for tracing human attention so neatly again to a single catalyst. However, the concept has also drawn greater interest lately, and even some of its doubters see the value inside the manner it highlighted psilocybin’s capacity to alter awareness and the mind itself.
Psilocybin appears to reorganize the brain briefly.
Psilocybin molecule illustration
The psilocybin molecule is made with the aid of nearly two hundred species of fungi.
Recent Research on Magic Mushrooms
Psilocybin binds to a receptor within the brain for serotonin, and that is thought to reason lots of its sensory distortions. However, at the side of hallucinations and mood changes, those who take psilocybin often describe an abstract, dreamlike feel of “extended cognizance.” Moreover, in recent years, technology like practical magnetic resonance imaging has shed mild on what this appears like within the brain.
In one examination, for example, researchers scanned the brains of 15 volunteers after giving them psilocybin. Activity spiked in the brain network related to emotional thinking, with simultaneous interest in different areas like the hippocampus and anterior cingulate cortex. (This pattern resembles fMRI scans of folks that are dreaming, the researchers noted.) At the equal time, interest became less organized within the mind network linked with high-level questioning and the sense of self.
Another fMRI takes a look at discovered a “dramatic trade” in mind organization, linking psilocybin with a brief flurry of neural connections that do not generally exist. We find that the psychedelic state is related to a much less restricted and extra intercommunication mode of mental function.
Possible Benefits of Magic Mushrooms
A team of researchers from the University of South Florida found that psilocybin can also bind itself to receptors that stimulate healing. Therefore, it was believed that psilocybin repairs and grows brain cells, which could prove beneficial to individuals who suffer from depression or other mental fitness problems.
Psilocybin might also motive lasting character change.
Open window and mountains
Openness is a character trait linked to creativity and divergent wondering.
While brain interest typically returns to every day after psilocybin wears off, studies indicate some outcomes can be ultimate longer. One study, published within the Journal of Psychopharmacology, measured how psilocybin impacts five domain names of character — neuroticism, extroversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness. It located “substantial increases in Openness following a high-dose psilocybin consultation.”
Openness is a psychological term for a persons’ attitude towards new experiences and is related to developments like imagination, creativity and aesthetic appreciation. Not most effective did openness usually upward push throughout a psilocybin consultation, but in nearly 60% of taking a look at individuals, it “remained drastically higher than baseline extra than one year after the consultation,” the researchers wrote.
The volunteers had been all deemed psychologically healthful earlier than the experiments began, the researchers reported, and their psilocybin periods had been carefully monitored. Some of the contributors did record robust worry or anxiety for the duration of the classes, and even as that reaction was temporary, the researchers stated it suggests the ability risks of trying hallucinogens without expert supervision.
Psilocybin can temporarily ‘dissolve’ your ego.
Silhouette in the front of the night sky
Psilocybin can create a temporary loss of subjective self-identity.
Some human beings report is dropping their sense of self even as on magic mushrooms. This “dissolving” of the ego is generally short-lived but may be associated with a few longer-lasting consequences of psychedelics, just like the openness stated above. Moreover, in line with 2017, take a look at published in the journal Neuroscience of Consciousness, brief ego loss may be useful inside the right context.
“This ‘ego dissolution’ effects in a moment of accelerated awareness, a feeling wherein the thoughts are put extra without delay and intensely in touch with the world,” stated co-creator Philip Gerrans, a philosophy professor on the University of Adelaide, in a statement. “Through this enjoy, it could be possible to re-engineer the mechanisms of self, which in turn may want to change people’s outlook or worldview. The profound feeling of connection produced by using this enjoy has the potential to be useful for people suffering from tension, melancholy and a few varieties of dependency.”
Microdosing Magic Mushrooms
Micro-dosing of magic mushrooms can spark a person’s creativity, in keeping with a 2018 look at published within the journal Psychopharmacology. Participants who ate tiny doses contrived new ideas on how to remedy a project and “were extra fluent, flexible and original inside the possibilities they came up with.
Magic mushrooms can enhance mental health.
YouTube screenshot of psilocybin therapy consultation
A psilocybin remedy consultation at Johns Hopkins University.
Although magic mushrooms are broadly outlawed and usually disregarded as dangerous “birthday celebration capsules,” a developing body of studies casts them in a much much less nefarious mild. Not handiest are they safer than many human beings believe. However, they display the tantalizing potential to assist with several mental fitness problems.
For one thing, psychedelics in preferred have the negligible habit-forming ability. Some psychedelics can even assist treat dependancy to habit-forming capsules like cocaine and nicotine.
Magic Mushrooms Gaining Support
Magic mushrooms are additionally an increasing number of visible as a possible psychiatric wonder drug. Research has shown promising consequences on melancholy, for example, together with 2017, observe that observed psilocybin can also effectively reset the interest of essential brain circuits acknowledged to play a function in despair. The compound seems to reinforce emotional responsiveness in mind, another latest examine determined, suggesting it can relieve despair without the “emotional blunting” regularly related to conventional antidepressants known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs).
Psilocybin has delivered transformative relief from anxiety, too, along with within human beings with life-threatening cancer. In one observe, mild doses of psilocybin — combined with psychotherapy — helped most cancers patients conquer anxiety and despair associated with their diagnosis, leading to a lengthy-time period upward push in exceptional of existence and optimism. Six months after a single dose (which only lasted four to 6 hours), approximately 80% of individuals nonetheless showed considerably reduced anxiety and melancholy, and 83% nonetheless reported higher life satisfaction. Two-thirds even described their psilocybin session as one of the five maximum significant experiences of their lives.
Amid this upswell of research, the vintage caricatures of magic mushrooms seem to be fast-changing. The U.S. towns of Denver and Oakland each decriminalized psilocybin in 2019, for instance, and comparable efforts are underway elsewhere, which includes some at the country level. Psilocybin was also currently distinct a “breakthrough remedy” for melancholy via the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and in late 2019, a significant look at located “no critical adverse consequences” in 89 healthy volunteers, and no negative effects on cognitive or emotional functioning.
Meanwhile, thanks to growing interest and resources for psilocybin studies, we may be on the cusp of mastering even more. In 2019, Johns Hopkins University introduced the launch of its $17 million Center for Psychedelic and Consciousness Research, the primary such research center in the U.S. And the most important of its kind inside the world. “The center’s establishment reflects a new generation of research in therapeutics and the mind through studying this precise and first-rate elegance of pharmacological compounds,” stated director Roland Griffiths, a professor of behavioural biology at Johns Hopkins.
Psilocybe pelliculosa magic mushrooms
Psilocybe pelliculosa grows in a Pacific Northwest forest.
Based on what scientists have discovered so far, there is genuinely want for additional research on psilocybin, a subject that has long been limited via prison restrictions. However, it is also really worth repeating a crucial caveat about psychedelic therapy: The contributors in those studies are cautiously dosed and monitored by using experts, and their sessions are regularly complemented by way of counselling to help them system the enjoy. Psychedelics can be frightening at times, particularly if you are not acquainted with their consequences, which could vary extensively based totally on factors like temper, temperament, psychological condition and setting. Guidance might be even more critical for people already struggling with a continual mental fitness issue.
We nevertheless have loads to study how magic mushrooms affect the human mind. However, thanks to thousands of years of enjoyment — and a surge of modern studies — we have at least learned enough to recognize it is probably really worth learning more.
Educational Resources for Psychedelics
If you are interested in learning more about Psylocybin and other psychedelics, you can find more information in our educational resources section.
TFG Shroom Recipes Section
For those interested in fun ways to take mushrooms, you can find more information through the link here: TFG's Shroom Cookbook
TFG's Campaign to Raise Awareness of Mental Health Issues
Full article found here: The Stigma of Mental Health Problems